CORONAVIRUS
COVID - 19
DISEASE

Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus in Wuhan City, China.

Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

According to WHO's definition;
Many people with coronavirus will experience mild or moderate respiratory disease and will recover without the need for special treatment. Older people, those with underlying medical problems like diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer, are more likely to develop severe illness.

What are the symptoms of coronavirus?

According to the WHO, the Coronavirus (Covid-19) affects people in different ways. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease. Many people infected with coronavirus will experience mild or moderate respiratory disease and will recover without the need for special treatment.

Common symptoms; fever, tiredness, dry cough.
Other Symptoms; shortness of breath, aches and pains,sore throat and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.

What
Is
Coronavirus?

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a member of the coronavirus family, such as Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).

These viruses transmitted from animals to humans. It is known that the SARS virus transmitted from a cat, the MERS virus from a camel, and finally COVID-19 from a bat.

The name coronavirus comes from the Latin word corona, meaning crown or halo. Under an electron microscope, the looks like it is surrounded by a solar corona.

The name Coronavirus comes from the word Corona in Latin. Coronavirus looks like the corona layer around the Sun when viewed under a microscope.

What is the mortality rate of Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

The SARS outbreak that began in Hong Kong between November 2002 and July 2003 has become almost pandemic, with 8422 cases and 916 deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization announced the mortality rate of 10.9%

According to WHO; Although Coronavirus (COVID-19) is more common than SARS, the mortality rate is lower than SARS and is around % 5.3

How can we prevent transmission of Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease?

According to the World Health Organization, we should follow the recommendations below to prevent transmission of COVID-19;

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Maintain at least 1-meter distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. Stay home if you feel unwell.
  • Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.

Origin of Coronavirus (COVID-19)

It is estimated that the coronavirus first appeared in the Huanan Market, right next to the Hankou train station in Wuhan. This is a marketplace where various animals, especially seafood, are sold. From peacock to koala; Almost all kinds of animals can be found, from giant Chinese salamanders to bamboo rats. The virus is said to be transmitted to humans from the bat or venomous snake sold here. Coronaviruses were discovered in the 1960s. It's a big family of viruses. The word corona means crown in Latin. These have been named because of the aura shape seen through a microscope or similar to the corona layer around the sun. Six of the many coronavirus varieties found to date are contagious among humans. Outbreaks of SARS in 2002 and MERS in 2012 came from these viruses. The disease is transmitted through the respiratory tract. It settles in the cells in the back of the mouth and throat and spreads to other people from here. Symptoms are manifested in the form of headaches, fever, and cough.

Is Coronavirus (COVID-19) deadly?

People who have underlying medical conditions, chronic respiratory disease and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.

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